Artificial Intelligence (AI) as we now it is no longer something that we can ignore. Be it information technology of any other science field, AI has made its presence known and is spreading its wings in every aspect of our life. Architecture or infrastructure is no exception.
Digital technology and A.I. is growing at a rapid rate all around us. Simplest of the AI example is our smart phone of today. There are project by big multinationals like IBM and others who produce supercomputers capable of solving complex calculations and beating humans at various games. AI is already quite present and is used very often by architects for their projects, be it using something as boring as a calculator or as fun as BIM software. Architects are learning to code, software designed especially for architect’s needs are being designed. There are many programs now that can provide the best layout of spaces according to architects demands. This means that complex buildings can be instantly organized by AI, with architects only adding some of the finishing touches.
“Computers are not good at open-ended creative solutions; that’s still reserved for humans. But through automation, we’re able to save time doing repetitive tasks, and we can reinvest that time in design,” says Mike Mendelson instructor and curriculum designer at the Nvidia Deep Learning Institute.
The ability to utilize tons of previous data in a millisecond to enhance the architecture design process could work wonders. AI's ability to calculate immense amount of data gathered from previous designs and presenting possible scenarios at the early stages of any architectural project will help save the time of the designer or architect. This time can then be used for design and other decision making which requires human interaction. Few of the important things AI will provide architects is to give them access to countless amounts of data, creating models, interpreting the building environment, and creating cost estimates.
Architectural areas where we are already using AI are:
Smart City - the biggest area where AI is being used extensively, it's an urban area that uses different types of electronic Internet of things sensors to collect data and then use insights gained from that data to manage assets, resources and services efficiently, in return using that data to better improve the operations across the city. Architects working on Smart city projects are using AI at an extensive level to achieve the best output.
Smart Office - todays corporate world is a workplace where modern technology is leveraged to help employees work smarter, better, and faster. Typically, a smart office solution consists of a suite of technologies that connect with the employees, the building and existing IT infrastructure to achieve these goals.
Smart Homes - also called as Home automation or domotics is building automation for a home, called a smart home or smart house. A home automation system will control lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as access control and alarm systems.
Moving from data-driven to AI-driven is the next stage in our evolving environment. Embracing AI in our day to day life affords better processing of structured data and allows for humans to contribute in ways that align with AI.